Philosophy thus becomes a form of interpretation, but since there is no external reference point outside being from which to begin this interpretation, the question becomes to know in which way to proceed with this interpretation. This is the problem of the "hermeneutic circle," and the necessity for the interpretation of the meaning of being to proceed in stages: this is why Heidegger's technique in Being and Time is sometimes referred to as hermeneutical phenomenology.
As part of his ontological project, Heidegger undertakes a reinterpretation of previous Western philosophy. He wants to explain why and how theoretical knowledge came to seem like the most fundamental relation to being. This explanation takes the form of a destructuring Destruktion of the philosophical tradition, an interpretative strategy that reveals the fundamental experience of being at the base of previous philosophies that had become entrenched and hidden within the theoretical attitude of the metaphysics of presence.
This use of the word Destruktion is meant to signify not a negative operation but rather a positive transformation or recovery. Being and Time is the major achievement of Heidegger's early career, but he produced other important works during this period:. Although Heidegger did not complete the project outlined in Being and Time , later works explicitly addressed the themes and concepts of Being and Time. Most important among the works which do so are the following:.
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In response, Heidegger maintained that his thesis that the essence of being is time is the opposite of Hegel's view that being is the essence of time. Heidegger's work has been suggested as a possible influence on Herbert Marcuse 's Hegel's Ontology and the Theory of Historicity , though Marcuse later questioned the political implications of Heidegger's work. The publication of the English translation of the work by John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson in ,  helped to shape the way in which Heidegger's work was discussed in English.
Scruton suggests that this necessarily follows from the nature of Heidegger's phenomenological method. He finds Heidegger's "description of the world of phenomena" to be "fascinating, but maddeningly abstract". He suggests that much of Being and Time is a "description of a private spiritual journey" rather than genuine philosophy, and notes that Heidegger's assertions are unsupported by argument.
Schmidt praises the "range and subtlety" of Being and Time , and describes its importance by quoting a comment the writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe made in a different context, "from here and today a new epoch of world history sets forth. Michael E. Being and Time also influenced the enactivist approach to cognition. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Philosophy book by Martin Heidegger. Being and Time.
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New York: HarperPerennial. To preserve Heidegger's distinction, translators usually render Sein as "being," the gerund of "to be," and Seiend singular and Seiendes plural as the verb-derived noun "a being" and "beings," and occasionally, perhaps preferably, as "an entity" and "entities". On Time and Being.
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Translated by Joan Stambaugh. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Retrieved June 28, Martin Heidegger. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Edmonton: The University of Alberta Press.
Heidegger's Being and Time and the Possibility of Political Philosophy
Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
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Heidegger's Being and Time and the Possibility of Political Philosophy by Mark Blitz
Find it on Scholar. Request removal from index. Revision history. This entry has no external links. Add one. Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy. Furthermore, the intransigence of commentators who doggedly subscribe to the view that Heidegger is a philosophical charlatan is not somehow rendered philosophically plausible by the confirmation of the simple fact that Heidegger was at one point a vocal supporter of National Socialism.
Their position is weakened further by the fact that many of them proudly profess to never really haven taken the time to try and read Heidegger at all.
I had been convinced that the Heidegger controversy was something that needed to be revisited anew for some time—long before there was any mention of the notorious Schwarze Hefte. In order to ask this question, however, a lot of detritus left over from previous controversies needed to be cleared away.
And, to be fair, these studies are rightly dismissed by Heideggerians who can quickly point to the interpretive deficiencies of these texts. This undertaking is fuelled by an attempt to resist modernity in ways that Heidegger cannot consistently maintain, yet which he thinks he can buttress using the notion of historicity in Being and Time.
That is to say, Heidegger looks to rely on a condition for the possibility of the way being becomes meaningful for human beings—namely, our temporality or finitude—and then, expanding on what he calls the historicity of a person, looks to use this notion as a way of resisting the universal designs of modernity, valourizing instead the particular or the provincial.
Granted, the facts of our finitude and historical specificity bear heavily on how any one of us has the identity we have, both as individuals and as members of a historically situated community. However, the concomitant underlying condition is a universal condition for the possibility of human freedom and thus is a universal, transcendental condition, even in Being and Time.
Heidegger relies on this same condition to condemn what happened to the inmates in the death camps during the Second World War and yet, in the s, he wants to use that condition to privilege the status of the German people in particular.
However, since the attempt to do this cannot possibly succeed and remain consistent with the theoretical foundations of his own thought, Heidegger is forced, in places, to resort to his own peculiar and somewhat ridiculous brand of ethnic chauvinism. To make matters worse, there are aspects of this ill-conceived attempt to formulate a political philosophy in particular his idiosyncratic brand of anti-modernism that he never relinquishes and stubbornly maintains to the end of his life. The question that needs to be addressed is not even really how a philosopher that many purport to be the most important thinker since Hegel could have been a Nazi, since, left in that form, one can see how such a question can easily be dismissed with counter-examples.